Wyoming Seed Law

Text of the Wyoming Seed Law (WY Stat. Title 11, Chapter 12, Sections 101-125)

Summary

11-12-101. Definitions. 

(a) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 8, 

(b) As used in this act: 

(i) "Controlling the pollination" means to use a method of hybridization which will produce pure seed which is at least seventy-five percent (75%) hybrid seed; 

(ii) "Dormant" means viable seed, excluding hard seed, which fails to germinate when provided the specific germination conditions for the kind of seed in question; 

(iii) "Germination" means the emergence and development from the seed embryo of those essential structures which, for the kind of seed in question, are indicative of the ability to produce a normal plant under favorable conditions. For the purposes of this act, "germination" may also mean the percentage 

of seed determined viable by a tetrazolium test for species identified in the rules for testing, or for species for which there are no rules for testing; 

(iv) "Hard seed" means seed which remains hard at the end of the prescribed test period because it has not absorbed water due to an impermeable seed coat; 

(v) "Hybrid" as applied to kinds or varieties of seed, means the first generation seed of a cross produced by 

controlling the pollination and by combining: 

(vi) "Inert matter" means all matter that is not a seed, including broken seeds, sterile florets, chaff, fungus bodies and stones; 

(vii) "Kind" means one (1) or more related species or subspecies which singly or collectively is known by one (1) common name, including but not limited to, soybean, flax, barley and wheat; 

(viii) "Labeling" means the display or displays of written, printed or graphic matter upon or attached to the 

container of seed or accompanying and pertaining to any seed whether sold in bulk or in containers, including invoices; 

(ix) "Lot" means the number or other identification that relates to records pertaining to the known quantity of seed; 

(x) "Origin" means the state, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico or possession of the United States, or the foreign country or designated portion thereof, where the seed was grown; 

(xi) "Pure seed" means seed exclusive of inert matter and all other seed not of the seed being offered for sale; 

(xii) "Rules for testing" means procedures specified by the Association of Official Seed Analysts for conducting seed analysis; 

(xiii) "Seed" means the propagative part of a plant normally capable of germination to produce a new plant, 

including ovules, tubers and bulbs. "Seed" also includes the following as defined for the purposes of this act: 

(xiv) "Total viable" means: 

(xv) "Treated seed" means any seed that has been treated with chemicals that are harmful to humans, livestock or other vertebrate animals; 

(xvi) "Variety" means a subdivision of a kind which is characterized by growth, plant, fruit, seed or other characters by which it can be differentiated from other sorts of the same kind, including but not limited to, C2243 wheat and Manchu soybeans; 

(xvii) "Weeds" includes the following as defined for purposes of this act: 

(xviii) "This act" means W.S. 11-12-101 through 11-12-124. 

11-12-102. Exceptions to applicability. 

(a) This act 11-12-101 through 11-12-123] does not apply to any person who:  

(b) Any resident grower who sells or offers for sale any agricultural, vegetable, flower or tree seeds grown only by him and sold or offered for sale at the headquarters of his operations directly to grower planters of the seed and not for resale is exempt from the licensing provisions under W.S. 11-12-103. 

11-12-103. Licensing.  

(a) Any person who sells or offers for sale or distribution in Wyoming any seeds shall obtain a license from the department. The license shall expire annually on March 31. Application for the license shall include the name and address of the person to whom the license is to be issued and the location of the place 

or places of business of the applicant. The application shall be accompanied by the license fee authorized by W.S. 11-1-104 for each place of business selling seeds in packets, packages or bulk of ten (10) pounds or more. This subsection shall not apply to any person licensed in accordance with W.S. 11-11-103. 

(b) Any person who conditions grain or seed for hire in Wyoming shall obtain a license from the department. The license shall expire annually on March 31. Application for the license shall include the name and address of the person to whom the license is to be issued and the location of the place or places of business of the applicant. The application shall be accompanied by the license fee which shall be the same as the fee established for a seed dealer license. This subsection shall not apply to any person licensed in accordance with W.S. 11-11-103. 

(c) Charitable and educational institutions shall be exempt from licensing requirements imposed by this section.

11-12-104. Restrictions on the sale of weed seeds; allowed tolerance for other noxious weeds; rulemaking. 

(a) No person shall sell or offer for sale or distribution in Wyoming seed which contains any prohibited noxious weed seeds. The department, by rule and regulation, may establish a list of prohibited noxious weeds, restricted noxious weeds and regulated weeds and establish tolerances for restricted noxious 

weeds and regulated weeds. 

(b) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 8, 4. 

(c) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 8, 4. 

(d) Any seed which contains any prohibited noxious weed seeds or exceeds the tolerance established on restricted noxious weed seeds or regulated weed seeds shall be removed from sale in Wyoming and impounded by the director and shall be released only for the following purposes:  

11-12-105. Labeling of packages required; contents; exception. 

(a) Each lot of seed which is sold or offered for sale in Wyoming, shall be legibly labeled in English upon the exterior of the container with a written or printed label. The label shall show:  

(b) When seeds are sold or offered for sale in bulk, the label required by subsection (a) of this section shall be conspicuously displayed on the container of each lot of bulk seed. A printed or written statement bearing the required labeling information shall be taken from the bulk seed container label in the presence of the purchaser and given to the purchaser upon request.  

(c) This section does not apply to flower, tree, garden or vegetable seeds labeled to comply with the requirements of the United States department of agriculture by authority of the Federal Seed Act. 

11-12-106. Lawn grass seed.  

Lawn grass seed mixtures offered for sale in Wyoming shall comply with all requirements of this act, and in addition shall contain at least fifty percent (50%) of perennial permanent type lawn grass seed that is adapted to local growing conditions, such as Kentucky blue grass (Poa pratensis), bent grass (Agrostis species) or fescue (Festuca species).

11-12-107. Weed seeds.  

No person shall sell in the retail trade in this state, any seed which contains two percent (2%) or more of weed seeds by weight.

11-12-108. Screenings to be specially labeled and free from noxious weed seeds; seizure and destruction; grain cleaning establishments.  

Screenings of any seeds or grains which are offered for sale by any person shall be legibly labeled as such and not sold as seeds. They shall be free of prohibited noxious weed seeds and shall not exceed the tolerance established on restricted noxious weed seed. Screenings found to contain weed seeds in violation of this section are subject to seizure by the director of the department of agriculture. Screenings are subject to the provisions of W.S. 11-12-104(d).

11-12-109. Failure to label or false labeling of seeds.  

It is unlawful for any person to sell or offer for sale or to deliver within Wyoming any seeds which are misbranded or are not labeled in accordance with the requirements of W.S. 11-12-103 through 11-12-108, or if the seed is falsely labeled in any respect, subject to such tolerance as established by the board.

11-12-110. Importation of seeds.  

It is unlawful for any person to transport or cause to be transported into Wyoming any seed without meeting the requirements of this act.

11-12-112. Director to enforce provisions; power of director to examine seeds; exception; purchase of samples.  

The director shall enforce this act. The director or his agents shall have free access at all reasonable hours upon and into any premises or structures where seed is stored or offered for sale, except federally sealed granaries or warehouses, to examine any seeds and, upon tendering payment therefor at the current value, may take from any person a sample or samples of the seeds.

11-12-113. Rulemaking.  

(a) The board shall promulgate, adopt and publish rules and regulations in accordance with the Wyoming Administrative Procedure Act for the purpose of carrying out this act. 

(b) Except as otherwise provided for in this act, no ordinance or regulation of any political subdivision may 

prohibit or in any way attempt to regulate any matter relating to the registration, labeling, sale, storage, transportation, distribution, notification of use or use of seeds, if any ordinance, law or regulation of the political subdivision is in conflict of this chapter. 

11-12-114. Seed and grain cleaning establishments; certificates of approval; lists thereof.  

The board shall establish standards and other requirements whereby seed and grain cleaning establishments may be issued a certificate of approval. A list of approved establishments for cleaning seeds and grain shall be maintained by the director.

11-12-115. State seed analyst; seed laboratory. 

(a) The department shall operate a state seed laboratory through a memorandum of understanding with the University of Wyoming. The terms and conditions of the memorandum of understanding shall include the designation and compensation of a state seed analyst.  

(b) A state laboratory operated for the purposes of seed analysis shall be located in Park County. 

11-12-116. Analysis of seeds. 

(a) Any person may have his seed analyzed by the state seed analyst by paying transportation charges to the laboratory and a fee.  

(b) All samples submitted for analysis shall be taken in accordance with the current regulations of sampling set forth by the United States department of agriculture by authority of the Federal Seed Act [7 U.S.C. 1551 through 1611].  

(c) Seed testing shall be done in accordance with the current association of official seed analysts’ rules for testing seed. 

(d) The state seed analyst may provide a list of recommended fees for seed testing and services to the seed laboratory advisory group. 

(e) The seed laboratory advisory group shall review the state seed analyst’s list and provide their recommendation for testing and service fees to the board. 

(f) Fees for testing and services shall become effective upon approval by the board. The board may set testing and service fees at different levels for in-state and out-of-state samples. 

(g) The state seed analyst, upon approval by the board, may enter into a separately negotiated contract with a government entity to provide testing and services at approximate cost. 

11-12-117. Disposition of collected funds.

All funds collected from seed analyses shall be deposited in the general fund.

11-12-118. Duty of district or county and prosecuting attorney to prosecute reported violations.

Any district or county and prosecuting attorney to whom the director of the department of agriculture reports any violation of this act shall cause appropriate proceedings to be commenced and prosecuted in the proper courts without delay.

11-12-119. Seed certification service; authority to make rules; fees; disposition thereof.  

The seed certification service of the college of agriculture of the University of Wyoming may engage in the certification of varieties of seeds and propagating materials, and make such rules and regulations with respect to certification and varieties eligible for certification as necessary to insure the production of certified seed of high quality. The seed certification service may charge reasonable fees for conducting 

the certification program, and shall use the funds received to defray the cost of conducting the certification program.

11-12-120. False labeling of seeds; prohibited.

It is unlawful for any person to attach or cause to be attached to any container of seeds or propagating materials, for the purpose of certifying the contents, any label or tag describing the contents as certified seed or propagating material, except labels or tags which are issued by the seed certification service of the college of agriculture, University of Wyoming, for the purpose of certification.

11-12-121. False labeling of seeds; false labeling as prima facie evidence of violation.  

Any label or tag prohibited by W.S. 11-12-120 found attached to any container of seed or propagating material is prima facie evidence of a violation of W.S. 11-12-120 by the person falsely labeling or tagging the container.

11-12-122. Quarantine. 

(a) The board, in compliance with this act, may promulgate rules and regulations to establish a quarantine against movement of seed containing prohibited noxious weed seed and restricted noxious weed seed which exceeds the tolerance established and may enter into an agreement with law enforcement agencies to carry out the quarantine provisions.  

(b) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 8, 4. 

(c) Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 8, 4. 

(d) All seed shipments through the state shall be covered in a prescribed manner so as not to allow the dissemination of noxious weed seed. 

11-12-123. Seed laboratory advisory group created; composition; appointment; officers; vacancy; meetings; quorum. 

(a) There is created a seed laboratory advisory group which shall be comprised of the following: 

11-12-124. Seed laboratory advisory group duties. 

(a) The seed laboratory advisory group shall: 

11-12-125. Penalties; director authorized to investigate and file complaint.  

(a) Any person violating any provision of this act is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined not more than seven hundred fifty dollars ($750.00), or imprisoned for not more than six (6) months, or both for each offense. Each day shall constitute a separate violation. 

(b) The director is authorized to investigate alleged violations and to file a complaint with the proper district or county and prosecuting attorney for the prosecution of violations. 

(c) Any person found guilty of violating any provision of W.S. 11-12-101 through 11-12-124, shall reimburse the state for the cost of any control actions, treatments, quarantine, confiscation, destruction or removal of any seed from the state resulting from the violation. Amounts collected under this subsection shall be paid to the department of agriculture technical services division account.